Publication

Robotic Systems (RS)
2010

ULTRA-WIDEBAND TRACKING OF MOBILE ROBOTS WITH VIDEO VALIDATION

by Ka C Cheok; Micho T Radovnikovich; Pavan K Vempaty; Gregory R Hudas; James L Overholt; Paul W Fleck

Abstract

Ultra-wideband (UWB) radio ranging technology was integrated into a local positioning system (LPS) for tracking mobile robots. A practical issue was the occasional large sporadic errors in the radio range data due to multipath due to reflections and attenuation effect caused by radio penetration through mediums. In this paper, we present a filtering and system integration of the radios with vehicle sensors to produce location and orientation of a moving object being tracked. We introduced a fuzzy neighborhood filter to remove outliers from range data, a progressive trilateration filter to improve update rate and produce a fused estimate of vehicle location with a compass and wheel speed sensors. Experiments were recorded and estimated position and orientation were validated against the video recording of vehicle ground truth. The UWB LPS can be used for navigation and guidance of multiple mobile robots around a command vehicle, and employed for tracking of assets of interest including personnel, vehicle, weapons and equipment.