Modeling & Simulation, Testing & Validation (MSTV)

Simple Terramechanics Models and their Demonstration in the Next Generation NATO Reference Mobility Model

by Michael McCullough; Paramsothy Jayakumar; Jon Preston-Thomas; Henry Hodges; Sally Shoop


In 2014, a NATO Applied Vehicle Technology (AVT) Exploratory Team 148 (ET-148) was formed to explore the development of an improved Next-Generation NATO Reference Mobility Model (NG-NRMM)[1]. A development path forward was identified and initiated in a subsequent NATO research task group (AVT-248) to implement ET-148 recommendations. One key area for improvement was the vehicle-terrain interaction (Terramechanics) models defining important performance metrics for off-road performance in differing soils, and environmental conditions. The near term implementation focuses on existing “Simple” Terramechanics models as a practical improvement to the incumbent NRMM Cone Index (CI) empirically based method, without requiring the computational power of the large scale complex discrete element model (DEM) methods that are the targeted long term solution. Practical approaches and limitations to the implementation of these existing Simple Terramechanics models in 3D vehicle models are described along with parameter identification approaches and their limitations.